Php Mysql Apache For Mac Os

PREREQUISITES: In order to follow this guide, you should have a Mac computer with the Catalina OS installed. I was using for several years MAMP, Fywheel, as well as package managers like brew, and all work pretty well, but why not using the preinstalled Apache and PHP that is shipped in almost all macOS? In this tutorial, I will show you how to setup/install Apache, PHP, and MySQL on macOS. How to install and configure Apache, MySQL and PHP on Mac OS X 10.7 Lion and OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard. OSX 10.8 Mountain Lion Version OSX 10.9 Mavericks Version Apache and PHP already come preloaded in OS X 10.7 Lion and 10.6 Snow Leopard, the versions on 10.7 Lion are PHP 5.3.6 and Apache 2.2.20, these 2 pieces of Open Source software are part of the “AMP” stack with MySQL the missing. How to Set Up PHP, HTML & MySQL Development on Mac OS X February 7, 2017 Comparatio 0 The following are instructions for setting up a development environment on a Mac that can be used for HTML, PHP and MySQL. The MAMP package includes the Apache web server, PHP engine, and MySQL database. Mac OS X 10.5 and later include the MySQL database and Apache server with PHP support. While it certainly is possible to configure the built-in database and server with the IDE, MAMP’s all-in-one bundle provides a convenient and easily configurable solution.

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Note: You are currently viewing documentation for Moodle 1.9. Up-to-date documentation for the latest stable version is available here: Installing AMP.

AMP, stands for Apache, MySQL & PHP. Moodle is written in a scripting language called PHP and stores most of its data in a database. The recommended database is MySQL. Before installing Moodle you must have a working PHP installation and a working database to turn your computer into a functional web server platform. As individual applications, Apache, MySQL and PHP can be tricky to set up for average computer users. Moodle uses one of the AMP programs to make the process easier. When you install a Moodle AMP package it installs both the server, database, PHP and Moodle itself with their basic interconnections already made.

In 2008, Moodle is rolled into XAMPP (which includes Perl) in the Windows complete package and into MAMP for the Mac OS complete package. Of course, the Standard install packages contains just the Moodle program.

TIP:Installing Moodle for the first time on a localhost (a stand alone computer) is easy and can be a very useful tool even if a web based production Moodle Server is available for use.

  • 3Windows - XAMPP
    • 3.1Tips and Tricks for Windows XAMPP


Complete Install Packages for Mac OS X are named Moodle4Mac. These do not have sufficient security for public, production servers--only use for private, local testing purposes.


These packages allow Moodle to be installed, along with the prerequisites that includes a web server, database and scripting language (Apache, MySQL and PHP in this case). Several versions of the complete install package are available. You will find versions for Intel based Macs and for older PPC based Macs. Please use the correct version for your processor.

See below if you want a secure, public server with OS X. This will use the web server that comes preinstalled with every Mac Computer.

See also Step-by-step Guide for Installing Moodle on Mac OS X 10.4 Client.

Red Hat Linux

You should install all available RPM packages for Apache, PHP and MySQL. One package that people frequently forget is the php-mysql package which is necessary for PHP to talk to MySQL.

Once these are installed the standard Installation guide should be fairly straightforward.

A more detailed walkthrough is here: RedHat Linux installation

Windows - XAMPP

For a complete description of installing an XAMPP webserver and then adding your own standard windows Moodle install package see Windows installation using XAMPP.

NOTE: There is a difference between the XAMPP Installer used in the Moodle/Windows/XAMPP installation package and the XAMPP webserver. The complete install package page has detailed instructions for a Windows installation using XAMPP and there is the XAMPP Installer FAQ.

Tips and Tricks for Windows XAMPP

There are lots of ways to start a Moodle after an install. Most Moodlers will have one or more 'localhost' links on their computer installed in 'Favorites' or even as a browser's default opening screen. But first a web server has to be started. Here are two ways to start them.

Automatic Windows services startup

In order to make starting Moodle more convenient in the future you could install the web and database servers as Windows services that are started automatically. To do this go to Start -> Run... and type the command 'c:/moodle/server/service.exe -install' into Open box. Then click OK.

Start Moodle by typing localhost in the web browser and/or adding localhost as a favorite site.

Single button service startups

Use the 'xampp_start' or 'xampp_restart' to start your webserver. You can install multiple localhost webservers on a computer. Each will have it's own start and restart programs.

  • Create a shortcut on the start menu, favorites or desktop that points to each specific file like c:Moodle19restart_xampp.bat . Label each shortcut to a localhost differently, for example C_Moodle19, or Moodle16 or MoodleSchool.

Start Moodle by placing localhost in the web browser or adding it as a favorite site. Whichever localhost you restarted, that is the Moodle your web browser will find.

  • Use the xampp_restart program. It will automatically close any running webserver on your computer before it starts the version of Moodle you want to run.
  • Use any xampp_stop to close any running webserver on your computer.

EasyPHP - similar to XAMPP

As an alternative to the above package you could use a package like EasyPHP that bundles all the software you need into a single Windows application. Note that the EasyPHP 1.8 uses older versions of the software that are too old for Moodle 1.6. Also many menus for EasyPHP are still in French. EasyPHP may be a good option again once its version 2.0 is released.

Mac OS without the complete install

It is possible to use the Apache server that Apple provides, and add PHP and MySQL using Marc Liyanage's packages. Both of the pages below come with good instructions that we won't duplicate here:

  • PHP: Download from here:
  • MySQL: Download here:

Once these are installed the standard Installation guide should be fairly straightforward.

Go here for a Step-by-step Guide for Installing Moodle on Mac OS X 10.4 Client (not server).

IIS for Windows

Here you can find steps for an IIS: Windows installation for XAMPP or Windows 2003.

Hosting Service

Hosting services vary quite a lot in the way they work. Some will install Moodle for you. Others may have 'scripts' that you can choose that can add Moodle to your site.

Most will offer a web-based control panel to control your site, create databases and set up cron. Some may also offer terminal access via ssh, so that you can use the command shell to do things.

You should work your way through the Installation guide and take each step at a time. Ask your hosting provider if you get stuck. Remember, you will not use a Complete install package from Moodle, but rather one of the Generic packages if you already have a webserver.

Testing PHP

Once you have installed your web server and PHP you should be able to create a file (for example phpinfo.php in the document root) with the following in it:

You should be able to open this file in a web browser by going to to the URL localhost/phpinfo and see a web page that has PHP status information in it such as this.

Windows apache php mysql

Vista and Windows 7

Many people have trouble installing the stand alone local Moodle for Windows on Vista and Windows 7.

There are several solutions:

- A simple one is to use

- Another solution is to look at these videos at Sebastian Sulinski Design for Windows Vista.

- Also, the page at Web Developer's Notes outlines how you can install an AMP on windows 7. Installing Moodle from there should be considerably easier.

- It's also easy to install a Xampp server and then a Standard Moodle Package Note: not Moodle for Windows.

See also

  • Complete install packages, also includes instructions for creating a stand alone (localhost) installation on a single computer.
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Get your Local Web Development Environment Up & Running on OSX 10.10 Yosemite

With Apples’ new OSX 10.10 Yosemite out of the bag, getting the AMP stack up and running on the new OSX may cause a few bumps on the upgrade from OS X Mavericks 10.9. This tutorialwill go through the process on getting Apache, MySQL, PHP (or otherwise known as the ‘AMP’ stack)and phpMyAdmin running on the new Yosemite OS.

(OSX 10.11 El Capitan Guide Here).

This tutorial sets up the AMP stack in more of a traditional way using the loaded Apache and PHP and downloading MySQL and phpMyAdmin.

Setting Stuff Up


Their is no GUI to toggle Web Sharing on or off in OSX 10.10, which was previously a GUI option in System Preferences way back in 10.7, but fear not Apache is installed ready to be fired up.

This needs to be done in the Terminal which is found at /Applications/Utilities/Terminal

For those not familiar with the Terminal, it really isn’t as intimidating as you may think, once launched you are faced with a command prompt waiting for your commands – just type/paste in a command and hit enter, some commands give you no response – it just means the command is done, other commands give you feedback – lets get to it….

to start it

to stop it

to restart it

To find the Apache version

The Apache version that comes in OSX Yosemite is Apache/2.4.10

After starting Apache – test to see if the webserver is working in the browser – http://localhost – you should see the “It Works!” text.

If you don’t get the localhost test, you can try troubleshooting Apache to see if there is anything wrong in its config file by running

Mysql apache php server

This will give you an indication of what might be wrong.

Document Root

Document root is the location where the files are shared from the file system and is similar to the traditional names of ‘public_html‘ and ‘htdocs‘, OSX has historically had 2 web roots one at a system level and one at a user level – you can set both up or just run with one, the user level one allows multiple accounts to have their own web root whilst the system one is global for all users. It seems there is less effort from Apple in continuing with the user level one but it still can be set up with a couple of extra tweaks in configuration files. It is easier to use the user level one as you don’t have to keep on authenticating as an admin user.

System Level Web Root

– the default system document root is still found at –


The files are shared in the filing system at –

User Level Root

The other web root directory which is missing by default is the ‘~/Sites’ folder in the User account. This takes a bit longer to set up but some users are very accustomed to using it.

You need to make a “Sites” folder at the root level of your account and then it will work. Once you make the Sites folder you will notice that it has a unique icon which is a throwback from a few versions older. Make that folder before you set up the user configuration file described next.

You have to make a few additional tweaks to get the ~/Sites folder back up and running.

Sites Folder

Add a “username.conf” filed under:

If you don’t already have one (very likely), then create one named by the short username of the account with the suffix .conf, its location and permissions/ownership is best tackled by using the Terminal, the text editor ‘nano‘ would be the best tool to deal with this.

Launch Terminal, (Applications/Utilities), and follow the commands below, first one gets you to the right spot, 2nd one cracks open the text editor on the command line (swap ‘username‘ with your account’s shortname, if you don’t know your account shortname type ‘whoami‘ the Terminal prompt):

Then add the content below swapping in your ‘username’ in the code below:

Permissions on the file should be:

If not you need to change…

Open the main httpd.conf and allow some modules:

And make sure these 3 modules are uncommented (the first 2 should be on a clean install):

Whilst you have this file open also to get php running uncomment. (Mentioned also in the PHP part of the article).

And also uncomment this configuration file also in httpd.conf

Then open another Apache config file and uncomment another file:

And uncomment:

Restart Apache for the new file to be read:

Then this user level document root will be viewable at:


You should only see a directory tree like structure if the folder is empty.

Override .htaccess and allow URL Rewrites

If you are going to use the document root at /Library/WebServer/Documents it is a good idea to allow any .htaccess files used to override the default settings – this can be accomplished by editing the httpd.conf file at line 217 and setting the AllowOverride to All and then restart Apache. This is already taken care of at the Sites level webroot by following the previous step.

Also whilst here allow URL rewrites so your permalinks look clean not ugly.

Uncomment in httpd.conf


PHP 5.5.20 is loaded in the final build of OSX 10.10 Yosemite and needs to be turned on by uncommenting a line in the httpd.conf file.

Use “control” + “w” to search within nano and search for ‘php’ this will land you on the right line then uncomment the line (remove the #):

Write out and Save using the nano short cut keys at the bottom ‘control o’ and ‘control x’

Reload apache to kick in

To see and test PHP, create a file name it “phpinfo.php” and file it in your document root with the contents below, then view it in a browser.


MySQL is again a missing component in OS X 10.10 and needs to be dowloaded from the MySQL site use the Mac OS X ver. 10.9 (x86, 64-bit), DMG Archive version (works on 10.10). The latest version available is MySQL 5.6.24. Their is an issue with this version and Yosemite in that it won’t start on reboot – it will need to be started via command line explained below.

If you are upgrading from a previous OSX and have an older MySQL version you do not have to update it, it will work just with the same start up issue. One thing with MySQL upgrades always take a data dump of your database in case things go south and before you upgrade to Yosemite make sure your MySQL Server is not running.

When downloading you don’t have to sign up, look for » No thanks, just take me to the downloads! – go straight to the download mirrors and download the software from a mirror which is closest to you.

Once downloaded open the .dmg and run the installer.

You may get a fail on the install but the software is still installed and useable, the reason is because the MySQL Start on Restart script fails.

If you do a custom install simply unclick that start up item. When you restart your machine just remember to start MySQL either via System Prefs or command line

Starting MySQL

You can then start the MySQL server from the System Preferences or via the command line or if restarted it has to be command line

Command line start MySQL.

To find the MySQL version from the terminal, type at the prompt:

This also puts you in to a shell interactive dialogue with mySQL, type q to exit.

After installation, in order to use mysql commands without typing the full path to the commands you need to add the mysql directory to your shell path, (optional step) this is done in your “.bash_profile” file in your home directory, if you don’t have that file just create it using vi or nano:

The first command brings you to your home directory and opens the .bash_profile file or creates a new one if it doesn’t exist, then add in the line above which adds the mysql binary path to commands that you can run. Exit the file with type “control + x” and when prompted save the change by typing “y”. Last thing to do here is to reload the shell for the above to work straight away.

You will get the version number again, just type “q” to exit.

Set the MySQL root password

Note that this is not the same as the root or admin password of OSX – this is a unique password for the mysql root user, use one and remember/jot down somewhere what it is.

Use the single ‘quotes’ surrounding the password

Fix the 2002 MySQL Socket error

Fix the looming 2002 socket error – which is linking where MySQL places the socket and where OSX thinks it should be, MySQL puts it in /tmp and OSX looks for it in /var/mysql the socket is a type of file that allows mysql client/server communication.

AutoStarting MySQL on Reboot

There was a solution recently posted on how to autostart MySQL on reboot on Yosemite, if you follow this it will work:

And paste in:

Save it and then:

Then it will load on a restart.


phpMyAdmin is installed pretty much the same way as another guide on this site, but to recap….

Fix the 2002 socket error first if you haven’t done so from the MySQL section-

Download phpMyAdmin, the zip English package will suit a lot of users, then unzip it and move the folder with its contents into the document root level renaming folder to ‘phpmyadmin’.

Make the config folder

Change the permissions

Run the set up in the browser

http://localhost/~username/phpmyadmin/setup/ orhttp://localhost/phpmyadmin/setup/

You need to create a new localhost mysql server connection, click new server.

Switch to the Authentication tab and set the local mysql root user and the password.
Add in the username “root” (maybe already populated, add in the password that you set up earlier for the MySQL root user set up, click on save and you are returned to the previous screen.
(This is not the OSX Admin or root password – it is the MySQL root user).

Make sure you click on save, then a is now in the /config directory of phpmyadmin directory, move this file to the root level of /phpmyadmin and then remove the now empty /config directory.

Now going to http://localhost/~username/phpmyadmin/ will now allow you to interact with your MySQL databases.

To upgrade phpmyadmin just download the latest version and copy the older ‘‘ from the existing directory into the new folder and replace – backup the older one just in case.


To run a website with no permission issues it is best to set the web root and its contents to be writeable by all, since it’s a local development it should’nt be a security issue.

Lets say that you have a site in the User Sites folder at the following location ~/Sites/testsite you would set it to be writeable like so:

If you are concerned about security then instead of making it world writeable you can set the owner to be Apache _www but when working on files you would have to authenticate more as admin you are “not” the owner, you would do this like so:

This will set the contents recursively to be owned by the Apache user.

If you had the website stored at the System level Document root at say /Library/WebServer/Documents/testsite then it would have to be the latter:

Apache php mysql

Another easier way to do this if you have a one user workstation is to change the Apache web user from _www to your account.

Install Php Mysql Apache Mac Os X

That’s it! You now have the native AMP stack running ontop of OSX Yosemite. To get Virtual Hosts going there is a further guide here.